Mu‘allaqāt – المعلقات العشر

The Mu‘allaqāt (Arabic: المعلقات, [al-muʕallaqaːt]) is a group of seven long Arabic poems that are considered the best work of the pre-Islamic era. The name means The Suspended Odes or The Hanging Poems, the traditional explanation being that these poems were hung on or in the Ka’ba at Mecca. The name Mu‘allaqāt has also been explained figuratively, as if the poems “hang” in the reader’s mind.

Along with the Mufaddaliyat, Jamharat Ash’ar al-Arab and Asma’iyyat, the Mu’allaqat are considered the primary source for early Arabic poetry.